One million Peruvians premiered in today’s daily activity of living a live event, thanks to television (another five million would follow the events of that day, through radio). The “world” facts were really born. The “boba box”, although in black and white, penetrated our homes to transform our lives. Homo videns (dixit Giovanni Sartori) gave his first berrido.
It was said that 1.2 billion people around the world (it would later be clarified that they reached 500 million) witnessed the feat transmitted via satellite, live, at 8:32 minutes on Wednesday, July 16 (local time).
Paradoxes of the historical-social contexts, in the case of Latin America only the inhabitants-with television-of Peru and Venezuela saw live the take-off of Saturn 5 from Tower 39-A of Cabo Cañaveral (Florida, USA). UU.). The Mexicans microwaved it. And the rest of the inhabitants of the south of the Rio Grande pulled by the hair, saw only previous rocket takeovers, made up by ingenious narratives.
Citing “security measures,” Americans, through Comsat and NASA, preferred to transmit the event to Canada, the United States and Europe. On the way, they decided not to broadcast the event via the Intersat 11 satellite but by ATS 1, which generated a crisis on most television stations in the southern hemisphere.
In the days leading up to The Voyage of Armstrong, Aldrin and Collins to the Moon, Peru lived the first months of general Juan Velasco Alvarado’s military rule. Through the streets of Lima, gossip was the imminent journey of the Gringo astronauts to the lunar surface and the shops sold televisions as hot bread. The plebs did not care that the Minister of Economy, Francisco Morales-Bermúdez, urged to make a tour of England, Japan, France, Italy and Spain to ask them to refinance Peru’s debts.
The day without night
Everyone was waiting for Wednesday the 16th, as we are waiting for Friday. It was an unusual day on Wednesday the 16th: the bars, the commercial houses and all that place in Lima with “a TV receiver” opened the doors at 7 a.m. –the bars, temples of prolonged waiting, in fact, had not closed their doors. The radios were neat in interstellar detail. Some stations, such as The Chronicle, had signed media contracts in Florida. This NASA operations center had received 4,000 Press men, including 700 foreign journalists, as well as ambassadors and ministers of science of the planet. Proud, German engineer Werhner von Braun, creator of the American rockets, watched the event from a VIP area.
The man set out for the Moon on Wednesday the 16th and would reach destination without gravity four days later, on the 20th. The newspapers multiplied their editions. People were only interested in what was happening in space, an adventure in which the United States had invested the astronomical figure of $ 12 billion.
On July 20, by satellite, Neil Armstrong, speaking as a streetwalker with a megaphone, uttered the first sentence that millions of people would simultaneously hear: “it is a small step for man, but a great leap for humanity